Barcelona Agreement 2002

The Barcelona Declaration, an agreement between the Member States of the European Union and certain Mediterranean countries, allows the inhabitants of the latter to live in the Member States of the European Union without having to integrate. This has the effect that the latter can undermine the history and culture of the former. Because of its gravity, the Arab-Israeli conflict is the one that most affects the Union for the Mediterranean. [54] Following an armed conflict between Israel and Gaza between December 2008 and January 2009, the Arab Group refused to meet at a high level, thus blocking all ministerial meetings scheduled for the first half of 2009. [55] The arab foreign ministers` refusal to meet with their Israeli counterpart Avigdor Lieberman also led to the cancellation of two foreign ministers` meetings in November 2009 and June 2010. [56] The sectoral meetings of the Union for the Mediterranean have also been influenced by Israel`s relations with the Palestinian civilian population under its control. In addition, it has had to strengthen its modernization and economic openness. Although it was originally planned for 2010, there is no date today. Far from a free trade area, there are now free trade agreements for industrial products between the EU and some Mediterranean countries. From 18 to 19 July 2016, the UfM actively participated in MedCOP Climate 2016 as an institutional partner of the Tangier region.

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