Why Was The Sykes Picot Agreement Made

A veteran of the Boer War and a Member of Parliament, he was chosen from the reserve and rescued from the front at the beginning of the First World War by Lord Kitchener, Minister of War, and became a leader in the Middle East. He survived the war by justifia: Sykes died of the Spanish flu in February 1919 while attending the Paris Peace Conference, which was supposed to formalize the conditions of the colony. François Georges-Picot, who was negotiating on behalf of the Frenchman, was a little older, a career diplomat stationed in Beirut and Cairo. The agreement effectively divided the Ottoman provinces outside the Arabian Peninsula into areas of British and French control and influence. The lands controlled by the British and French were divided by the Sykes-Picot line. [5] The agreement transferred to Britain control of what is now southern Israel and Palestine, Jordan and southern Iraq, as well as an additional small area that included the ports of Haifa and Acre to allow access to the Mediterranean. [6] [7] [8] France was to control southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. [8] On May 16, 1916, after months of preparatory work between Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot, the Sykes-Picot agreement between France and the United Kingdom was signed in Downing Street in the presence of Paul Cambon, French Ambassador to London, and Sir Edward Gray, Secretary of State at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[8] On the British side, the Bunsen Commission, in which Sir Mark Sykes participated in the spring of 1915, laid the foundation stone. After juxtaposing the wishes of all the parties involved – namely the British, the French and the Arabs – the two statesmen worked out a compromise solution. The terms of the partition agreement were set out in a letter dated 9 May 1916 from Paul Cambon, French Ambassador in London, to Sir Edward Grey, British Foreign Secretary. These terms were ratified in a letter of return from Grey to Cambon on May 16, and the agreement became official in an exchange of notes between the three Allied powers on April 26 and May 23, 1916.

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